The Chair of Peter: The Papacy

 "And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose upon earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven."

~Matthew 16: 18-19

When Christ instituted the Twelve, "he constituted [them] in the form of a college or permanent assembly, at the head of which he placed Peter, chosen from among them."Just as "by the Lord's institution, St. Peter and the rest of the apostles constitute a single apostolic college, so in like fashion the Roman Pontiff, Peter's successor, and the bishops, the successors of the apostles, are related with and united to one another."

The Lord made Simon alone, whom he named Peter, the "rock" of his Church. He gave him the keys of his Church and instituted him shepherd of the whole flock. "The office of binding and loosing which was given to Peter was also assigned to the college of apostles united to its head." This pastoral office of Peter and the other apostles belongs to the Church's very foundation and is continued by the bishops under the primacy of the Pope.

The Pope, Bishop of Rome and Peter's successor, "is the perpetual and visible source and foundation of the unity both of the bishops and of the whole company of the faithful." "For the Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, and as pastor of the entire Church has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered."

~Catechism of the Catholic Church, Paragraphs 880-882

Bishop Barron's Resources on the Holy Father

Free videos, podcasts and articles on the Holy Father, Pope Francis. There are also books available for purchase.

the Jewish Roots of the Papacy

"In a talk from The Coming Home Network’s 2009 Deep in History conference, Scripture scholar Dr. Brant Pitre looks at the history of Jewish Temple worship, and how the language used by Jesus in establishing Peter as the head of the Church in Matthew 16 draws from those traditions. Dr. Pitre looks at what the power to bind and loose looked like in the Davidic monarchy, what Jesus meant by calling Peter a “rock,” the meaning of the “keys to the kingdom,” and a lot more."

List of All Popes - Catholic Bible 101

A comprehensive list of all 266 Catholic popes, beginning with St. Peter and ending with Pope Francis.

Papal Authority and the Early Church

YouTube video courtesy of the Coming Home Network International, Published on February 3, 2015: Fr. Ray Ryland presents evidence in support of the papacy, referencing Scripture and Early Church documents.

Peter, the Rock, the Keys, and the Chair

YouTube video courtesy of the Coming Home Network International: Steve Ray presents the biblical support for and the Jewish origins of the papacy.


Selected quotes from Successors of Peter. You may sign up for a free, daily email if this interests you.